Conservación y distribución de las accesiones del Banco de Germoplasma de la Flora Silvestre Valenciana en la colección CIEF

Pedro Pablo Ferrer Gallego, Inmaculada Ferrando Pardo, Francisco José Albert Llana, Víctor Martínez Granell, María Carmen Escribá Baeza, Albert Navarro Peris, Emilio Laguna Lumbreras

Resumen

The Germplasm Bank of Valencia Wild Flora is a network of collections for conservation of taxa listed in Valencia Catalog Endangered Species of Flora (VCESF). CIEF germplasm collection belongs to Generalitat Valenciana´s Forest Research and Experimentation Centre, and in addition to forest species, seeds of singular plants of VCESF are also preserved by the Wildlife Service team. From 1990 until now, in bank´s installations is preserved 2447 lots from 1445 species. It is conserved germplasm from 92% of the Endangered species and 94% as Vulnerable species according to VCESF. These data indicate that 67,6% of monitoring populations currently known for species listed as Endangered are preserved in the collection and 50% in the case of Vulnerable species. High-density areas of harvesting are the north and northwest of Alicante (dianic area and “Sierra de Aitana”), the southeast quadrant of Valencia (setabense zone), the Valencian coast (“El Saler”, “Sagunto”, etc.), and Castellón (“Islas Columbretes”, “Macizo del Penyagolosa”, “Cabanes”, “Peñiscola”). The aim to short-medium term is to keep up at least one accession of each monitoring population from VCESF species capable to be conserved in a genebank.

Palabras clave

Conservation ex situ; Georeferenced database; Endemism; Endangered species; Seeds; Valencian Community

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/cdbio.2014.46.02